Glaucoma is the name of a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve. The optic nerve carries information from your eyes to your brain. Glaucoma can cause vision loss and blindness. Most people with glaucoma do not have any symptoms until significant damage has occurred. That is why it is important to have regular eye exams, even if you don’t think you are at risk. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for preserving your vision. Dr. Anderson and our team at Advanced Optical in Orlando have gathered some information about glaucoma and what can be done to treat it.

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Causes of Glaucoma

While the cause of glaucoma is still unknown, several risk factors can increase your chance of developing the disease. Knowing these risk factors can help you take steps to protect your vision. Some common causes of glaucoma include age, family history, race, and high blood pressure. If you have any of these risk factors, it is important to see your eye doctor regularly for checkups.

Types of Glaucoma

There are two main types of glaucoma: open-angle and angle-closure. In open-angle glaucoma, the drainage canals in the eyes become clogged over time, leading to an increase in pressure within the eye. This type of glaucoma is most common and typically develops slowly. In angle-closure glaucoma, the drainage canals close off completely, leading to a rapid increase in pressure within the eye. This type of glaucoma is less common but can be more serious if not treated promptly. Both types of glaucoma can lead to vision loss if left untreated.

Preventing Glaucoma

Preventing glaucoma is always preferable to treatment, but what are the best ways to do that? Unfortunately, as of now, there is no surefire way to prevent the disease. We have gathered a few things our eye care experts recommend:

  • Get eye exams regularly with an optometrist. It is important to get a comprehensive, dilated eye exam to look at the internal structures of the eye. Early detection is imperative with glaucoma.
  • Lead an overall healthy lifestyle, which includes eating a balanced diet, getting daily exercise, and avoiding smoking.
  • Get more information about your family’s eye health and history. It is important to know if other family members have had glaucoma so you can assess your potential risk.